Food

  1. café
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  2. crème
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  3. fromage
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  4. pates
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  5. chocolat
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  6. baguette
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  7. pain
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  8. thé
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  9. bonbon
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  10. croissant
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  11. banane
    Banana3.jpg
  12. orange
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  13. pamplemousse
    pamplemousse.jpg
  14. cerise
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  15. framboises
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  16. fraise
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  17. raisin
    Grape-PNG-Picture.png
  18. pomme
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  19. citron
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  20. pêche
    peach.jpg
  21. frites
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  22. glace
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  23. bière
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  24. vin
    NS_WhiteWine042215_1600.jpg
  25. jambon
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Additional Resource: Audio Dictionary

 

When is your birthday?

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Before you learn how to ask and say when your birthday is, you need to learn how to say the dates.

Months

月, がつ, is a kanji that represents ‘month’. Refer to the kanji section for other meaning and readings. Saying the months of the year is extremely simple in Japanese.

Number + 月 = Month of the Year

Following the above formula, January, which is the 1st month of the year is 一月(いちがつ).

  1. 一月
  2. 二月
  3. 三月
  4. 四月(がつ)
  5. 五月
  6. 六月
  7. 七月(しちがつ)
  8. 八月
  9. 九月(がつ)
  10. 十月
  11. 十一月
  12. 十二月

Dates

Dates work similarly in writing.

日,にち, is used to mean day. Therefore, the first day of the month is written as 一日, second,  二日, third, 三月 and so on. Then, 二十四日 represents the 24th day of the month.

However, these combination of kanji are not read the same way and require you to memorise a rule. Use the following hints to help you remember!

一日(ついたち)

Can't you see I'm busy?
Chew it!-tachi

 

二日(ふつか)

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Who’s car?

三日(みっか)

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Me car!

 

四日(よっか)

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Yo!-ka

五日(いつか)

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It’s car.

六日(むいか)

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Moo-ika

七日(なのか)

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Nano-ka

八日(ようか)

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Your Car

九日(ここのか)

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Coconut-ka

十日(とうか)

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Talker

Numbers beyond 10th

From 11th to 31st of the month, you use the normal number system with 日(にち).

Number + にち

In other words, 11th is 十一日(じゅういちにち), 25th, 二十五日(にじゅうごにち).

20th, 二十日, はつか.

Except for 14th and 24th of each month, which are read as 十四日(じゅうよっか)and 二十四日(にじゅうよっか)respectively.

 

Practice saying all the dates of the month. Sing along to the song below.

 

Days of the week

Picture1
月よう日(げつようび)
Picture2
火よう日(かようび)
Picture3
水よう日(すいようび)
Picture4
木よう日(もくようび)
Picture5
金よう日(きんようび)
Picture6
土よう日(どようび)
Picture7
日よう日(にちようび)

 

When is your birthday?

おたんじょう日 (birthday)

お is used as an honorific device to refer to another person’s birthday politely. DO NOT use this for your own.

We now know how to say the month of the year, a date and days of the week.
In order to say for someone’s birthday, use the following structure:

おたんじょう日 (1) いつ (2) です 。or

おたんじょう日 (1) 何月何日 (2) です

(1) Topic
(2) Interrogative/Question word

More examples:

  • オーストラリアデーは いつですか。
  • きょうは 何月何日ですか。

When responding, you do not need to mention たんじょう日 or the relevant topic again. Just state:

Month and Date + です。

In Japanese, you provide the largest unit before the smaller ones.
I.E. Year, Month, Date

Examples:

  • 一月五日です。
  • 五月二十日です。

 

Practice

  1. Make your own mnemonics for dates from 1st to the 10th of each month.
  2.  Use the interactive calendar to revise the months, dates and days of the week.
    Screen Shot 2017-05-13 at 9.38.35 pm
    Click image to access the interactive calendar.

     

  3. Alternatively, use the interactive calendar.
    Calendar
  4. Go to http://web-japan.org/kidsweb/explore/calendar/april.html
    Using the Kids Web Japan site, find out when these events occur throughout the Japanese calendar and answer the questions below. Write your answers in Japanese.

a) From what month does the Japanese schools start?
b) When do you go ‘flower watching’?
c) When is the ‘Golden Week’?
d) Write down the date of the Children’s Day.
e) In which month are the school excursions and picnics held?
f) During which months is the ‘flooding season’?
g) What is on 七月七日?
h) When is summer holidays?
i) When is the anniversary of the end of WWII

Making Reservations

In order to express your desire to make a  reservation for basically anything, you should use 〜をよやくしたいんですが…

Remember, we’ve learnt that 〜が… is often used to omit the latter part of speech as the implication is clear, yet you may not wish to make direct statements.

For example:

京都まで、おうふくをよやくしたいんですが…

The above sentence suggests that you’d like to reserve a return ticket to Kyoto and what is omitted is that you are expecting or requesting them to help you purchase the ticket without being too direct.

ファーストクラスをよやくしたいんですが…

In this sentence, although not always common, it could also be suggested that the speaker is wanting to know the price for a first class seat.

ファーストクラスをよやくしたいんですが、東京まで、大人はいくらですか。

Use the phrase to start the conversation at the きっぷうりば (ticket office) and continue with the expressions you have learnt in the section on buying a ticket.

Let’s watch the following videos to hear the dialogue you may have when reserving flight tickets or seats.