Indicating Time of Action (に)

Using Intransitive Verbs (Vi)

Remember that intransitive verbs are those that DO NOT take objects, such as:

  • おきます
  • かえります
  • ねます

Hence, when talking about daily routines using intransitive verbs, simply use the time phrase before the verb.



For example:

A: 何時におきますか。

B: 六時におきます。

Using Transitive Verbs (Vt)

Transitive verbs need an object to complete the action.

  • ごはんたべます。
  • しんぶんよみます。
  • テニスします。

Use the complete sentence after the time phrase to indicate when you do the action.



A: (まみさんは)何時にあさごはんをたべますか。

B: (私は)ごぜん六時にあさごはんを食べます。


To revise Intransitive (Vi) and Transitive (Vt) Verbs, click here.


Let’s talk about our daily routine

1. Translate the following to Japanese, then organise the two sentences in a graphic organiser.

  • I wake up at 6:00 am.
  • I eat breakfast at 6:10 am.
  • I brush my teeth at 6:30 am.

2. Now talk about your own daily routines in chronological order. Use the following phrases to help you.

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Checklist for composition

Ensure that you have ticked off all aspects from the checklist below when you produce any type of text:

  • What is the purpose?
  • What is the context?
  • Who is your audience?
  • Structure
    • Opening, Introduction, Body, Conclusion, Closing
  • Cohesion
    • Is the content organised logically?
    • Have you used linking words and/or conjunctions?
  • Language
    • A wide variety of vocabulary and grammar structure
    • Complexity of sentence structures
    • Proofread for any spelling
    • Is the language used appropriately for the context, purpose and audience?
    • Consistency in tenses and politeness
  • Content
    • Ensure that you have satisfied the minimum word requirement
    • Detailed information provided

Always remember to TEEL each paragraph.

  • Topic sentence
  • Elaborate
  • Examples
  • Linking sentence (Link, Compare or Contrast with previous or next ideas)


Marking Criteria for HSC Writing Components

5 Mark10 marks

Topic 5 Unit 2: Accommodation, Sightseeing and Weather


At the end of this unit, you will:

  • enhance your understanding of the Japanese seasons and weather,
  • enhance your understanding of tourist attractions in Japan,
  • enhance your understanding of various accommodation options in Japan,
  • be able to book accommodation and ask about the facilities,
  • be able to ask and talk about tourist attractions,
  • be able to justify your behaviour and
  • be able to ask and talk about the weather and season.


  1. Expand!
  2. Vocabulary
  3. Kanji
  4. Reserving accommodation