Describing a Period of Time

In this lesson, we will:

  • revise basic verbs and nouns needed to describe your daily routine,
  • practice talking about our daily routines using time phrases
  • describe a period of time using 〜から and 〜まで, and
  • produce a recount of our daily routines.

Verbs: Board Game


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Vocabulary Revision

Click here to access vocabulary for Unit 6.

Talking about Daily Routines

Graphic Representation of Grammatical Structure
Comparison with English, Chinese and Korean

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私の一日 (Activity)_Page_1.jpg
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〜から 〜まで

(from ~ to ~ / 从~到~ / ~부터~까지)

〜から is a particle which means ‘from’.


〜まで is a particle used to mean ‘until’.


You may also combine the two sentences:


These particles can be used with time and place and are used instead of the usual time/place marker に.




In pairs, ask each other from and until what time they engage in the following activities.

For example:

A: ゆみさん何時から何時まであさごはんを食べますか。

B: 私ごぜん七時から七時半まであさごはんを食べます。




Choose on of the following methods to illustrate your daily routine with visual/audio and in writing. See examples.

  • Daily Routine Scheduler
  • Manga
  • Infographic Poster
  • Presentation

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  • Video

Explore Adobe Spark to create a video like the following:

  • Song

  • Letter


Indicating Time of Action (に)

Using Intransitive Verbs (Vi)

Remember that intransitive verbs are those that DO NOT take objects, such as:

  • おきます
  • かえります
  • ねます

Hence, when talking about daily routines using intransitive verbs, simply use the time phrase before the verb.



For example:

A: 何時におきますか。

B: 六時におきます。

Using Transitive Verbs (Vt)

Transitive verbs need an object to complete the action.

  • ごはんたべます。
  • しんぶんよみます。
  • テニスします。

Use the complete sentence after the time phrase to indicate when you do the action.



A: (まみさんは)何時にあさごはんをたべますか。

B: (私は)ごぜん六時にあさごはんを食べます。


To revise Intransitive (Vi) and Transitive (Vt) Verbs, click here.


Let’s talk about our daily routine

1. Translate the following to Japanese, then organise the two sentences in a graphic organiser.

  • I wake up at 6:00 am.
  • I eat breakfast at 6:10 am.
  • I brush my teeth at 6:30 am.

2. Now talk about your own daily routines in chronological order. Use the following phrases to help you.

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Talking about ‘only’

There are two words that express ‘only’.


だけ is used after a noun to express ‘only ~’.


  • アルバイトのお金だけでヨーロッパりょこうができません。

  • スミスさんだけいきます。

  • コアラはユーカリのはだけ食べます。



しか is used before a negative form of a verb to mean ‘only ~’.


  • コアラはユーカリのはしか食べません

  • スミスさんしかいきません

Checklist for composition

Ensure that you have ticked off all aspects from the checklist below when you produce any type of text:

  • What is the purpose?
  • What is the context?
  • Who is your audience?
  • Structure
    • Opening, Introduction, Body, Conclusion, Closing
  • Cohesion
    • Is the content organised logically?
    • Have you used linking words and/or conjunctions?
  • Language
    • A wide variety of vocabulary and grammar structure
    • Complexity of sentence structures
    • Proofread for any spelling
    • Is the language used appropriately for the context, purpose and audience?
    • Consistency in tenses and politeness
  • Content
    • Ensure that you have satisfied the minimum word requirement
    • Detailed information provided

Always remember to TEEL each paragraph.

  • Topic sentence
  • Elaborate
  • Examples
  • Linking sentence (Link, Compare or Contrast with previous or next ideas)


Marking Criteria for HSC Writing Components

5 Mark10 marks

Topic 5 Unit 2: Accommodation, Sightseeing and Weather


At the end of this unit, you will:

  • enhance your understanding of the Japanese seasons and weather,
  • enhance your understanding of tourist attractions in Japan,
  • enhance your understanding of various accommodation options in Japan,
  • be able to book accommodation and ask about the facilities,
  • be able to ask and talk about tourist attractions,
  • be able to justify your behaviour and
  • be able to ask and talk about the weather and season.


  1. Expand!
  2. Vocabulary
  3. Kanji
  4. Reserving accommodation