Topic 1 Unit 2 Introducing Yourself & Your Family

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By the end of this unit, you will:

  • enhance your understanding of how Japanese people introduce themselves officially,
  • be able to introduce yourself and your family, and
  • be able to refer to family members in Japanese appropriately.

Contents

  1. Expand!
  2. Vocabulary
  3. Kanji
  4. Introducing yourself
  5. Asking and Answering Questions
  6. Numbers and Age
  7. Family Chart
  8. Introducing your family

Describing a Period of Time

In this lesson, we will:

  • revise basic verbs and nouns needed to describe your daily routine,
  • practice talking about our daily routines using time phrases
  • describe a period of time using 〜から and 〜まで, and
  • produce a recount of our daily routines.

Verbs: Board Game

 

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Vocabulary Revision

Click here to access vocabulary for Unit 6.

Talking about Daily Routines

Graphic Representation of Grammatical Structure
Comparison with English, Chinese and Korean

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〜から 〜まで

(from ~ to ~ / 从~到~ / ~부터~까지)

〜から is a particle which means ‘from’.

六時からべんきょうします。

〜まで is a particle used to mean ‘until’.

八時までべんきょうします。

You may also combine the two sentences:

六時から八時までべんきょうします。

These particles can be used with time and place and are used instead of the usual time/place marker に.

からがっこうまで行きます。

 

Practice:

In pairs, ask each other from and until what time they engage in the following activities.

For example:

A: ゆみさん何時から何時まであさごはんを食べますか。

B: 私ごぜん七時から七時半まであさごはんを食べます。

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Application

Choose on of the following methods to illustrate your daily routine with visual/audio and in writing. See examples.

  • Daily Routine Scheduler
    daily_routine_by_glooriah-d5stnbv.jpg
  • Manga
    full
  • Infographic Poster
  • Presentation

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  • Video

Explore Adobe Spark to create a video like the following:

  • Song

  • Letter
    tegami2

 

Indicating Time of Action (に)

Using Intransitive Verbs (Vi)

Remember that intransitive verbs are those that DO NOT take objects, such as:

  • おきます
  • かえります
  • ねます

Hence, when talking about daily routines using intransitive verbs, simply use the time phrase before the verb.

(TOPIC)TIME PHRASE VERB。

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For example:

A: 何時におきますか。

B: 六時におきます。

Using Transitive Verbs (Vt)

Transitive verbs need an object to complete the action.

  • ごはんたべます。
  • しんぶんよみます。
  • テニスします。

Use the complete sentence after the time phrase to indicate when you do the action.

(TOPIC)TIME PHRASE OBJECT VERB。

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A: (まみさんは)何時にあさごはんをたべますか。

B: (私は)ごぜん六時にあさごはんを食べます。

 

To revise Intransitive (Vi) and Transitive (Vt) Verbs, click here.

 

Let’s talk about our daily routine

1. Translate the following to Japanese, then organise the two sentences in a graphic organiser.

  • I wake up at 6:00 am.
  • I eat breakfast at 6:10 am.
  • I brush my teeth at 6:30 am.

2. Now talk about your own daily routines in chronological order. Use the following phrases to help you.

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Talking about ‘only’

There are two words that express ‘only’.

だけ

だけ is used after a noun to express ‘only ~’.

NOUN + だけ + POSITIVE VERB

  • アルバイトのお金だけでヨーロッパりょこうができません。

  • スミスさんだけいきます。

  • コアラはユーカリのはだけ食べます。

 

しか

しか is used before a negative form of a verb to mean ‘only ~’.

NOUN + しか + NEGATIVE VERB

  • コアラはユーカリのはしか食べません

  • スミスさんしかいきません

Talking about Occupation

When talking about work, there are two verbs that are often used.

はたらく means ‘to work’. It is preceded by で in use. For example:

しょうらいホテルはたらきたいと思います。

父はこうじょうはたらいています

つとめる means ‘to be employed at’. It is preceded by に.

りょこうがいしゃつとめたいと思います。

母はめんぜいてんつとめています

For jobs and places of employment, see Vocabulary section.