By the end of this unit, you will:
- enhance your understanding of how Japanese people introduce themselves officially,
- be able to introduce yourself and your family, and
- be able to refer to family members in Japanese appropriately.
In this lesson, we will:
Click here to access vocabulary for Unit 6.
Graphic Representation of Grammatical Structure
Comparison with English, Chinese and Korean
(from ~ to ~ / 从~到~ / ~부터~까지)
〜から is a particle which means ‘from’.
〜まで is a particle used to mean ‘until’.
You may also combine the two sentences:
These particles can be used with time and place and are used instead of the usual time/place marker に.
In pairs, ask each other from and until what time they engage in the following activities.
Choose on of the following methods to illustrate your daily routine with visual/audio and in writing. See examples.
Explore Adobe Spark to create a video like the following:
Remember that intransitive verbs are those that DO NOT take objects, such as:
Hence, when talking about daily routines using intransitive verbs, simply use the time phrase before the verb.
Transitive verbs need an object to complete the action.
Use the complete sentence after the time phrase to indicate when you do the action.
To revise Intransitive (Vi) and Transitive (Vt) Verbs, click here.
1. Translate the following to Japanese, then organise the two sentences in a graphic organiser.
2. Now talk about your own daily routines in chronological order. Use the following phrases to help you.
There are two words that express ‘only’.
だけ is used after a noun to express ‘only ~’.
NOUN + だけ + POSITIVE VERB
しか is used before a negative form of a verb to mean ‘only ~’.
NOUN + しか + NEGATIVE VERB
When talking about work, there are two verbs that are often used.
はたらく means ‘to work’. It is preceded by で in use. For example:
つとめる means ‘to be employed at’. It is preceded by に.
For jobs and places of employment, see Vocabulary section.