Describing a Period of Time

In this lesson, we will:

  • revise basic verbs and nouns needed to describe your daily routine,
  • practice talking about our daily routines using time phrases
  • describe a period of time using 〜から and 〜まで, and
  • produce a recount of our daily routines.

Verbs: Board Game


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Vocabulary Revision

Click here to access vocabulary for Unit 6.

Talking about Daily Routines

Graphic Representation of Grammatical Structure
Comparison with English, Chinese and Korean

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私の一日 (Activity)_Page_1.jpg
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〜から 〜まで

(from ~ to ~ / 从~到~ / ~부터~까지)

〜から is a particle which means ‘from’.


〜まで is a particle used to mean ‘until’.


You may also combine the two sentences:


These particles can be used with time and place and are used instead of the usual time/place marker に.




In pairs, ask each other from and until what time they engage in the following activities.

For example:

A: ゆみさん何時から何時まであさごはんを食べますか。

B: 私ごぜん七時から七時半まであさごはんを食べます。




Choose on of the following methods to illustrate your daily routine with visual/audio and in writing. See examples.

  • Daily Routine Scheduler
  • Manga
  • Infographic Poster
  • Presentation

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  • Video

Explore Adobe Spark to create a video like the following:

  • Song

  • Letter


Indicating Time of Action (に)

Using Intransitive Verbs (Vi)

Remember that intransitive verbs are those that DO NOT take objects, such as:

  • おきます
  • かえります
  • ねます

Hence, when talking about daily routines using intransitive verbs, simply use the time phrase before the verb.



For example:

A: 何時におきますか。

B: 六時におきます。

Using Transitive Verbs (Vt)

Transitive verbs need an object to complete the action.

  • ごはんたべます。
  • しんぶんよみます。
  • テニスします。

Use the complete sentence after the time phrase to indicate when you do the action.



A: (まみさんは)何時にあさごはんをたべますか。

B: (私は)ごぜん六時にあさごはんを食べます。


To revise Intransitive (Vi) and Transitive (Vt) Verbs, click here.


Let’s talk about our daily routine

1. Translate the following to Japanese, then organise the two sentences in a graphic organiser.

  • I wake up at 6:00 am.
  • I eat breakfast at 6:10 am.
  • I brush my teeth at 6:30 am.

2. Now talk about your own daily routines in chronological order. Use the following phrases to help you.

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Topic 1 Unit 6 Expand

Japanese Daily Life



Karaoke is one of Japanese people’s favourite pastimes. They often go to a karaoke box with friends, family or company colleagues (often after a party or gatherings). There are small rooms for several people and large rooms for groups of over ten people. Each room is equipped with tables, sofas, a TV and microphones. You can order food and drinks using the telephone in the room. You can enjoy singing a variety of songs. You choose a song from the catalogue and put the number in the リモコン (remote control). The music starts and pictures appear on the screen and words scroll along the bottom. You hold the microphone and enjoy singing your favourite songs to your satisfaction.

You can also enjoy karaoke at a beer parlour, a (dining) hall or a coffee lounge at Japanese inns or hot spring resorts. All the people in the bar or the hall can join in the song. If you wish, you may put in a request. When your request comes up, you have to go up on stage and sing.

The work karaoke literally means ’empty orchestra’. It is an unusual word in that it is sometimes written half in hiragana and half in katakana. から(empty) and オケ(orchestra), からオケ. However, it is usually written in カタカナ as カラオケ. Karaoke is now also a popular activity in Australia.


Golf is the most expensive sport in Japan. Only wealthy people can afford it. They usually belong to a club by paying an enormous amount of money. They may be because Japan has so little space available for sport and golf requires a large space. They have golf ranges on top of large buildings or department stores, all covered by nets so that balls cannot be lost.